Antibiotic Free: Animals that have been raised without the use of antibiotics.
Cage Free: Birds not confined to cages. Generally, this means that the birds live on the floor or a large barn.
Fair Trade: Fair trade certification empowers farmers and farm workers to lift themselves out of poverty by investing in their farms and communities, protecting the environment, and developing the business skills necessary to compete in the global marketplace. Fair trade principles include fair prices, fair labor conditions, direct trade, democratic and transparent organizations, community development and environmental sustainability.
Farm Cooperative: A business whose membership is limited to persons producing agricultural products that are marketed by the co-op.
Free Range: The method of farming husbandry where the animals are permitted to roam freely instead of being contained in any manner. Free Range may apply to meat, eggs or dairy farming.
Grass Fed: Animals that have been raised entirely on grass and are fed no grain
Hydroponics: Growing of plants in water containing dissolved nutrients, rather than in soil. This process is being used in greenhouses for intensive off-season production of vegetables.
IMP (Integrated Pest Management): Ecologically based approach to pest control that relies on natural mortality factors, such as natural enemies, weather, and crop management. This is designed to produce healthy crop in an economically efficient and environmentally sound manner.
Natural Foods:generally refers to food or food products which are minimally processed and remain as close as possible to their whole, original state. Because they are less tampered with, natural foods are generally more nutritious than their refined counterparts.
Organic Farming: A production system that completely or mostly excludes the use of synthetically compounded fertilizers, pesticides, or growth regulators. Organic food is produced by farmers who emphasis the use of renewable resources and the conservation of soil and water to enhance environmental quality for future generations (USDA). According to those standards, organic food is produced without using most conventional pesticides, fertilizers made with synthetic ingredients or sewage sludge, bioengineering, or ionizing radiation. Organic meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products come from animals that are given no antibiotics.
- “100% Organic” – May use USDA Organic Seal.
- “Organic” – At least 95% of content is organic by weight and may carry the USDA Organic Seal.
- “Made With Organic” – At least 70% of content is organic. With this you are not able to have the USDA Organic Seal.
rBGH (bBST) Free Milk: Recombinant bovine growth hormone is a genetically engineered hormone injected into dairy cows to artificially increase their milk production. Note that the FDA has stated no significant difference has been shown and no test can distinguish between milk from rBGH treated and untreated cows.
Sustainable Seafood: Sustainable seafood is from sources, either fished or farmed, that can maintain or increase production into the long-term without jeopardizing the affected ecosystems.
Transfair USA: A non-profit organization who is the only 3rd party certifier of fair trade products in the U.S. and one of 20 members of Fairtrade labeling organization International (FLO).